joi, 19 mai 2011

Turda Salt mine - 13.5 million years of history

This documentary presents the history of Turda Salt Mine, one of the most important tourist attractions in Cluj county. Salina Turda ago formed 13.5 million years ago, in a large shallow depth and under a tropical climate. Salt layer with a thickness of 400 meters, stretches across the bottom of Transylvania.

The first evidence of salt exploitation dates from pre-Roman and extend to the modern period in 1932, when quarrying was stopped because of poor facilities and low efficiency. Then, by 1992, the mine closed state, is then reopened for tourism. Here you can see my former Joseph, Theresa and Rudolf, but well-preserved medieval mining equipment, unique in Europe, such as blacksmithing, mill crivaciul and salt. One can admire also carved altar in wealthy wall jumps and ladder, a filigree wrought-scale wood.

In 2009, Salina Turda was refurbished with PHARE funds of 6 million, now has treatment rooms, an auditorium, gyms and a panoramic wheel, where you can admire the stalactites of salt. In Salt Lake there is a saturated saline solution. Plans Turda authorities on this objective are to achieve a unique hotel for more than 17 million. Rated five-star accommodation and treatment at the highest level, the hotel will be located above the mine Anton, will have eight floors and an underground level that will allow direct access to the salt mine via an elevator.

Salina Turda is probably the most famous destination for tourists visiting the town of Turda. The mine dates back to Roman times and was one of the reasons why the area has developed rapidly and by the Romans in Dacia retreagerea.
The first documentary attestation dates from Turda salt extraction 1271. The last operation was organized in so-called salt Camari were of two kinds: some who were operating, storage and transportation to water and others were doing and selling salt water transport. Later in 1786 recovery operation and become a state monopoly of salt, but problems begin to appear on the steep road transport salt from the salt down. To resolve this situation since 1853 is built gallery Franz Josef and Rudolf Theresa mines are upgraded. Turda Salt Mine closed in 1932.
Transylvanian salt sedimentary deposit belongs to the entire frame is located west of the Transylvanian Depression, but that occurs only in areas close to the surface anticlines. This reservoir was formed 18 million years ago and stretches from Maramures Depression to Turda and Ocna Sibiu including Ocna Mures. The deposit of Turda is located in north-east of the city as a pillow was lying stretched on a surface of 45 square kilometers and has a depth of 1200 m. NaCl content is around 99% and the entire amount of deposit is estimated at nearly 39 billion tons. On the surface salt deposit is pure, crystallized with large grains and below is some intercalations of clay and sand with gravel.
Salt Treatment
Over the years it was discovered that the saline environment is particularly favorable in the treatment of respiratory diseases due to constant temperature of 10-12 degrees Celsius and humidity of 75-80% and because the optimal concentration of aerosols (fine solid particles of salt). Fan speed is up to 0.2 m / s (0.02 m / s in hand Rudolf). As a result of mine since 1992 and Rudolf was arranged as groundwater treatment room.

Salina Turda Modernization (2008-2010)
During January 2008 - January 2010 began a rapid modernization of Salina Turda. After it was created a new look and extended functionality Salina Turda. Rudolf Mine now exist in a concert hall, sports field, bowling, miniature golf, but also a huge gondola and a lift has been installed and (lift) for people who travel more difficult. Theresa Mine was built in a dock on the lake with boats that allow tourists to walk saline lake. Salt Overall appearance has changed radically for the better. Salina Turda official opening after renovation was made on 22 January 2010.

Turda Salt Structure
Salina Turda is composed of:
Rudolf Mine

Rudolf Mine has a trapezoidal-shaped room called the slaughter of technical terms in the base. It was started in 1867 and has a width of 50 m, a length of the hearth (foot slaughtering) of 80 m and depth is 40 meters down the stairs over 13 floors each having marked the year in which was dug. Because of infiltration on the north wall have formed stalactites of salt with a growth rate of 2 cm / year. Following the work of Rudolf Mine last year was equipped with a host of new elements which are intended to tourists: the concert hall, sports ground, gondola, miniature golf, bowling. And an elevator was installed to ease access into the mine.
Gisela Mina
Gisela mine was opened in 1857 and was to be similar to mine but mine Rudolf were executed only preparatory work, the work was abandoned. In 1992 the opening of the mine to the treatment was extended octagonal hall.
Theresa Mina
Theresa Mine is a mine with a bell 90 m depth in whose precincts formed a deep underground lake of 5-8 meters and a diameter of about 70 m. The mine was operated since 1690. Here is the famous waterfall on the north wall of the salt mine, which was formed by depositing cascade of salt saline that is oozing from the galleries. Recently turned into a boat dock on Lake underground mine and a promenade area Teresia great architecture elements that compose it.
Franz Josef Gallery
To further facilitate the exploitation of salt between 1853 and 1870 is a gallery built for transporting salt to the surface horizontally. This gallery was originally 780 m but has been extended so far is 917 m. An interesting aspect worth mentioning is that between 1948 and 1992 he served as the cheese store.
Access Salina Turda

New entry is made on the date of Durga in operation with the beautification Salina. Durga To reach the center and you must enter the roundabout (with the "swans") take a left. From Cluj, serpentines climb, and on a crest of the hill turn left and pick up a newly paved road that leads to new entry Salina Turda.

Documentary about the SALT TURDA seen here ......

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